AtCoDeer the deer and his friend TopCoDeer is playing a game.
The game consists of N turns.
In each turn, each player plays one of the two gestures, Rock and Paper, as in Rock-paper-scissors, under the following condition:
(※) After each turn, (the number of times the player has played Paper)≦(the number of times the player has played Rock).
Each player's score is calculated by (the number of turns where the player wins) - (the number of turns where the player loses), where the outcome of each turn is determined by the rules of Rock-paper-scissors.
(For those who are not familiar with Rock-paper-scissors: If one player plays Rock and the other plays Paper, the latter player will win and the former player will lose. If both players play the same gesture, the round is a tie and neither player will win nor lose.)
With his supernatural power, AtCoDeer was able to foresee the gesture that TopCoDeer will play in each of the N turns, before the game starts.
Plan AtCoDeer's gesture in each turn to maximize AtCoDeer's score.
The gesture that TopCoDeer will play in each turn is given by a string s. If the i-th (1≦i≦N) character in s is
g, TopCoDeer will play Rock in the i-th turn. Similarly, if the i-th (1≦i≦N) character of s in
p, TopCoDeer will play Paper in the i-th turn.
- Each character in s is
- The gestures represented by s satisfy the condition (※).
The input is given from Standard Input in the following format:
Print the AtCoDeer's maximum possible score.
Sample Input 1
Sample Output 1
Playing the same gesture as the opponent in each turn results in the score of 0, which is the maximum possible score.
Sample Input 2
Sample Output 2
For example, consider playing gestures in the following order: Rock, Paper, Rock, Paper, Rock, Rock, Paper, Paper, Rock, Paper. This strategy earns three victories and suffers one defeat, resulting in the score of 2, which is the maximum possible score.